Diabetic retinopathy is one of the most serious complications of diabetes. However, the reality is that even people with normal blood sugar levels still suffer from a variety of health issues caused by diabetic complications. Symptoms and complications from diabetes are not always obvious. If you are already suffering from the following diabetic complications, it is best to seek medical attention right away.

High blood pressure is a direct result of long-term high blood sugar levels. Blood pressure is known to increase as blood sugar levels rise. There are a variety of risk factors that are associated with high blood pressure including gender, age, race, family history, body weight, physical activity level, and dietary patterns. When a person has high blood pressure, it is not unusual for that person to also have diabetes. And if the person has a history of high blood pressure, then you are more likely to suffer from it later in life if you don’t take steps to lower your blood sugar levels.

Being overweight or obese does not necessarily mean that you will have low levels of blood sugar. Many people with diabetes have a BMI of over 30. When you have diabetes, weight gain can be considered an additional complication. It is important that you lose weight if you want to maintain normal blood sugar levels.

Nail and hair loss is a common complication for diabetics. When blood sugar levels are out of balance, the pancreas may become sensitive to insulin, and your blood sugar levels drop so much that your blood vessels shrink. As a result, blood vessels are not receiving enough oxygen, and they begin to form clots. This causes the nail and hair to fall out, which will become infected.

Kidney failure is often the result of diabetes. Diabetes damages your kidneys and can lead to kidney failure, or it can cause the kidneys to stop working properly altogether. To prevent this complication, diabetes patients should take their medications exactly as directed.

A drop in uric acid levels can lead to blindness in diabetes patients. Uric acid is produced by the kidneys and travels throughout the body through urine. If uric acid levels become too low, the blood vessels close off, and they cannot transport the excess uric acid out of the body. The result is blindness.

When a diabetic patient has high blood sugar levels, he or she is more likely to develop heart failure. High blood sugar levels will lower the ability of the heart to get rid of excess glucose and toxic products. This combination leads to heart failure.

Another serious complication that diabetics are at risk for is nerve damage. Nerve damage can cause the nerves to swell and the patient may experience weakness in his or her arms and legs. In extreme cases, nerve damage can lead to paralysis. It is crucial that patients with diabetes see their doctor immediately for checkups as often as possible.

Some diabetics will experience numbness and tingling in their fingers and toes. These are symptoms of damage to the nerves in the hands and feet. The reason for the numbness and tingling is not fully understood, but it is known that diabetes can cause damage to the nerves.

It is important that diabetes patients avoid smoking, even if they are healthy because it increases the risk of a heart attack. If you are a smoker, quit. Exercise regularly and eat healthy foods that are rich in nutrients. Taking anti-oxidants is also very important since a decrease in antioxidants decreases the ability of the body to fight off disease and damage.

Complications caused by diabetes are unfortunately common. A person who suffers from diabetes must take action to prevent future complications and should avoid smoking, obesity, alcohol, and drugs to control blood sugar levels.

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