Arthritis is an inflammatory disease, characterized by pain and stiffness in the joints and spine. Arthritis is a very common health condition in the world today, affecting about one-third of the adult population in developed countries. Pain can be caused by direct injury to the bones or muscles but can also be from degenerative joints that develop through time and wear and tear, weakening.
Arthritis is usually related to osteoarthritis, but it can also show up in other forms of arthritis. Arthritis that affects the joints can be caused by excessive activity, obesity, diabetes, or viral infections.
Arthritis has a swelling that develops on the outer side of the joint, with symptoms such as localized pain or swelling in a region that is outside the joint itself. The area that is affected with arthritis will appear red, swollen, and may be very painful. Areas that are extremely painful may show areas of bruising around the joint. In arthritis of the joints, the affected area might become smaller as the affected joint’s cartilage starts to break down.
Arthritis is generally classified based on the degree of stiffness it causes. The classification is as follows: mild, moderate, severe, and extreme. Mild arthritis usually will not cause much pain and will cause a reduction in mobility but will not require treatment. Moderate pain can lead to stiffness and if the affected area is not treated, severe pains could occur.
Arthritis does not usually need to be cured, but if the pain and swelling do not improve, it is important to have the condition checked out. The doctor will perform various tests to determine the type of arthritis. Most often, the diagnosis is not clear-cut until the results of laboratory tests show signs of inflammation and other signs of degeneration. There are different types of arthritis:
As the term suggests, osteoarthritis is inflammation of the joints that are related to bones. These joints normally become painful when pressure is applied to them or if you have activities that put stress on the affected area. This pain and inflammation occur because the cartilage that lines the joints deteriorate over time.
When damage occurs in the connective tissue, the remaining ligaments will begin to break down, and eventually, the cartilage will lose its elasticity. This will then leave holes between the bone and the cartilage. The cartilage is not able to continue as a cushion, especially for heavier weights and this is where the pain and inflammation come from.
When there is too much inflammation, it can cause a build-up of white blood cells, or lymphocytes, which is why some people experience a great deal of pain. The condition is also known as mononeuropathy and can only be cured with medication. The symptoms of mononeuropathy can include numbness, stiffness, joint pain, fatigue, fever, and headaches.
Fibromyalgia is another type of arthritis that is sometimes misdiagnosed as an overuse of the knee. It is a type of arthritis that can appear in any joint in the body but is most commonly found in the neck, hips, shoulders, and upper arms. This condition causes a great deal of pain that seems to be so bad that you would not want to move it.
Neuropathy involves inflammation and nerve damage in one or more parts of the body and is another type of chronic pain that can make you feel like you would rather die than move. This type of pain may not go away by itself, and you may find that the pain is too much to bear, but it does not indicate anything other than a part of your body that is inflamed. If you have nerve damage in your arms, you may experience chronic pain or numbness and swelling.
All these types of arthritis and symptoms can lead to a lot of pain. You can take some measures to prevent arthritis from happening. Examples are maintaining a healthy weight, exercise, and a good diet.